It’s early Tuesday morning and I am on a flight to Detroit-Metro Airport. Due to weather conditions the flight is being delayed. As the plane sits on the runway at Newark Liberty International Airport I am second guessing my participation in this trip. I am accompanying my colleagues Rebecca Silber and Sean Addie to Michigan to meet with our partners and students of the Pathways from Prison to Postsecondary Education Project. Thirty minutes have passed and the plane is still grounded. I am beginning to feel anxious. My anxiety is compounded as I think about the two prisons I will be entering; Parnall Correctional Facility (SMT) and Macomb Correctional Facility (MRF). This is my first time entering a prison facility since my release in 2010. I am concerned for my well-being, and I understand that my anxiety is linked to the trauma of incarceration.

The Spirit of Detroit
Channeling the Spirit of Detroit, with my colleague Rebecca Silber

Although I’ve been out of prison for six years, I continue to suffer from the lingering effects of extreme sensory deprivation. As I am sitting on the plane processing this trip, I am aware that going into prison can trigger those lingering effects from my past life. What helps me cope with my anxiety is the ability to put things into context. I understand that my role as the Program Analyst in the Pathways Project is giving me access to enter these facilities. Knowing in advance who I would be meeting with made the process less stressful. Talking with a group of incarcerated students was easier to process in comparison to talking to people in solitary confinement.

Parnall Correctional Facility
Parnall Correctional Facility

When we arrived at Detroit-Metro Airport we had to wait nearly two hours for our rental car, so we decide to cancel our first meeting with the Pathways students at MRF. The following morning we arrived at SMT and entered into the facility through the main office. After signing in and walking through the metal detector we were escorted to a dorm used to house Pathways students. We were then escorted to a minimum security cell block that reminded me of the TV show Prison Break. Our last stop was the educational facility, where we met with a group of Pathways students. During this meeting I wanted to be attentive and listen to the students express their concerns regarding re-entry and access to resources upon their release. There was a collective understanding among the students that their participation in the Pathways Project was a positive and transformative experience. Some students were interested in working upon their release and others were interested in pursuing their education. There was also concerns about access to employment, housing, and financial aid. As we neared the end of our conversation, I asked the facilitator to allow me a few minutes to share with them the role higher education had in my re-entry.

The Fist, monument dedicated to boxing legend Joe Louis. Detroit. MI.
The Fist, monument dedicated to boxing legend Joe Louis. Detroit. MI.

I didn’t write anything in advance and I was nervous trying to figure out what to say. I wanted to address their concerns and questions while at the same time sharing with them my experience and the opportunities that higher education has given me. I opened the conversation by telling them I was a formerly incarcerated person and, similar to them, I participated in a post-secondary education program while in solitary confinement. I described how the combination of hard work and available resources allowed me to transition from a post-secondary correspondence course in prison to a Bachelors of Arts degree in Ethnic Studies from the University of California, Berkeley. I wanted them to understand that a post-secondary education opens doors that are not easily accessible to formerly incarcerated people. I shared how my transition through higher education has allowed me to travel to different states to advocate for incarcerated people, to study at the University for Peace in Costa Rica, and to work at the Vera Institute of Justice and NJ-STEP / Mountainview Program.

Unfortunately, there was not enough time to talk to them about the correlation between recidivism and education, and how people with criminal records who have higher education levels are less likely to be re-incarcerated and more likely to achieve economic stability. The access to a post-secondary education for incarcerated people is critical to their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. The role of post-secondary education in the re-entry process gives formerly incarcerated people the skills and the tools to prepare for the institutional barriers they will confront following their release.

—Danny Murillo


Danny Murillo is a recent graduate of UC Berkeley, receiving his BA in Ethnic Studies. He is currently a John Gardner Fellow, working at the Vera Institute of Justice in New York City and the Mountainview Program at Rutgers University.

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